Chinese Mafia Inhaltsverzeichnis

Triaden sind nach ihrem Symbol, dem Dreieck für „Himmel, Erde und Menschheit“, bezeichnete Vereinigungen im Bereich der organisierten Kriminalität, die ihren Ursprung im alten China zur Zeit der Qing haben. In der Presse und auch in der Literatur werden die Triaden bisweilen zumeist als Umschreibung auch als „Chinesische Mafia“ bezeichnet. Sie haben ihre Sitze. A Chinese court begins the trial of former tycoon Liu Han and his "mafia-style gang" on charges of murder and corruption, state media say. Many translated example sentences containing "Chinese Mafia" – English-​German dictionary and search engine for English translations. Die chinesische Mafia breitet sich ausgehende von Hongkong und Macao im Süden Als der 48jährige Chinese, der in der portugiesischen Kolonie Macao bei.

Chinese Mafia

Chiu Kow gegen die chinesische Mafia Chiu Kow betreute gerade seinen Strassenstand in Kung Chung, an dem er Kleider, die er aus alten Stoffen wieder neu. Triaden sind nach ihrem Symbol, dem Dreieck für „Himmel, Erde und Menschheit“, bezeichnete Vereinigungen im Bereich der organisierten Kriminalität, die ihren Ursprung im alten China zur Zeit der Qing haben. In der Presse und auch in der Literatur werden die Triaden bisweilen zumeist als Umschreibung auch als „Chinesische Mafia“ bezeichnet. Sie haben ihre Sitze.

After the People's Republic of China was founded in , secret societies in mainland China were suppressed in campaigns ordered by Mao Zedong.

Most Chinese secret societies, including the triads and some of the remaining Ching Gang, relocated to British-controlled Hong Kong, Taiwan, Southeast Asia and overseas countries particularly the US and competed with the Tong and other Chinese secret societies.

Gradually, Chinese secret societies turned to drugs and extortion for income. These societies adopted the triangle as their emblem, usually accompanied by decorative images of swords or portraits of Guan Yu.

British Hong Kong was intolerant of secret societies, and the British considered the triads a criminal threat. Triads were charged and imprisoned under British law.

During the 19th century, many such societies were seen as legitimate ways of helping immigrants from China settle into a new country.

Secret societies were banned by the British government in Singapore during the s, and slowly reduced in number by successive colonial governors and leaders.

Facilitating the origins of Singapore gangs, the opium trade, prostitution and brothels were also banned. Immigrants were encouraged to seek help from a local kongsi instead of turning to secret societies, which contributed to the societies' decline.

After World War II , the secret societies saw a resurgence as gangsters took advantage of uncertainty and growing anti-British sentiment.

When the Chinese Communist Party came to power in in mainland China, law enforcement became stricter and a government crackdown on criminal organizations forced the triads to migrate to British Hong Kong.

An estimated , triad members lived in Hong Kong during the s. According to the University of Hong Kong, most triad societies were established between and and there were once more than in the territory.

The number of groups has consolidated to about 50, of which 14 are under police surveillance. There were nine main triads operating in Hong Kong.

They divided land by ethnic group and geographic locations, with each triad in charge of a region.

Each had a headquarters, sub-societies and public image. After the riots , the Hong Kong government introduced stricter law enforcement and the triads became less active.

On 18 January , Italian police arrested 33 people connected to a Chinese triad operating in Europe as part of its Operation China Truck which began in The indictment accuses the Chinese triad of extortion, usury, illegal gambling, prostitution and drug trafficking.

The group was said to have infiltrated the transport sector, using intimidation and violence against Chinese companies wishing to transport goods by road into Europe.

According to the expert in terrorist organizations and mafia-type organized crime Antonio De Bonis, there is a close relationship between the Triads and the Camorra , and the port of Naples is the most important landing point of the trades managed by the Chinese in cooperation with the Camorra.

Among the illegal activities in which the two criminal organizations work together are the human trafficking and illegal immigration aimed at the sexual and labor exploitation of the Chinese compatriots into Italy, the synthetics drug trafficking and the laundering of illicit money through the purchase of real estate.

In it, industrial waste was exported from Italy to China, guaranteeing million-dollar revenues for both organizations. The industrial waste left Prato in Italy and arrived in Hong Kong.

Triads engage in a variety of crimes, from fraud , extortion and money laundering to trafficking and prostitution , and are involved in smuggling and counterfeiting goods such as music, video, software, clothes, watches and money.

Since the first opium bans during the 19th century, Chinese criminal gangs have been involved in worldwide illegal drug trade.

Many triads switched from opium to heroin, produced from opium plants in the Golden Triangle , refined into heroin in China and trafficked to North America and Europe, in the s and s.

The most important triads active in the international heroin trade are the 14K and the Tai Huen Chai. Triads have begun smuggling chemicals from Chinese factories to North America for the production of methamphetamine , and to Europe for the production of MDMA.

Triads in the United States also traffic large quantities of ketamine. Triads have been engaging in counterfeiting since the s. During the s and s, they were involved in counterfeiting currency often the Hong Kong cent piece.

The gangs were also involved in counterfeiting expensive books for sale on the black market. With the advent of new technology and the improvement of the average standard of living, triads produce counterfeit goods such as watches, film VCDs and DVDs and designer apparel such as clothing and handbags.

In , four triad members were arrested for health care fraud in Japan. Triads use numeric codes to distinguish ranks and positions within the gang; the numbers are inspired by Chinese numerology and based on the I Ching.

Law enforcement and intel have it that the Vanguard may actually hold the highest power or final word.

A military commander also known as a Red Pole , overseeing defensive and offensive operations, is ; 49 denotes a soldier , or rank-and-file member.

The White Paper Fan provides financial and business advice , and the Straw Sandal is a liaison between units.

Blue Lanterns are uninitiated members, equivalent to Mafia associates, and do not have a designating number.

According to De Leon Petta Gomes da Costa, who interviewed triads and authorities in Hong Kong, most of the current structure is a vague, low hierarchy; the traditional ranks and positions no longer exist.

Similar to the Indian thuggees or the Japanese yakuza , triad members participate in initiation ceremonies. After drinking a mixture of wine and blood from the animal or the candidate , the member passes beneath an arch of swords while reciting the triad's oaths.

The paper on which the oaths are written will be burnt on the altar to confirm the member's obligation to perform his duties to the gods.

Three fingers of the left hand are raised as a binding gesture. Similar to triads, Tongs originated independently in early immigrant Chinatown communities.

The word means "social club", and tongs are not specifically underground organizations. The first tongs formed during the second half of the 19th century among marginalized members of early immigrant Chinese-American communities for mutual support and protection from nativists.

Modeled on triads, they were established without clear political motives and became involved in criminal activities such as extortion, illegal gambling, drug and human trafficking, murder and prostitution.

Triads were also active in Chinese communities throughout Southeast Asia. When Malaysia and Singapore with the region's largest population of ethnic Chinese became crown colonies , secret societies and triads controlled local communities by extorting protection money and illegal money lending.

Many conducted blood rituals, such as drinking one another's blood, as a sign of brotherhood; others ran opium dens and brothels.

Remnants of these former gangs and societies still exist. Due to government efforts in Malaysia and Singapore to reduce crime, the societies have largely faded from the public eye particularly in Singapore.

Triads were also common in Vietnamese cities with large Chinese especially Cantonese and Teochew communities.

During the French colonial period , many businesses and wealthy residents in Saigon particularly in the Chinatown district and Haiphong were controlled by protection-racket gangs.

With Vietnamese independence in , organized crime activity was drastically reduced as Ho Chi Minh 's governments purged criminal activity in the country.

According to Ho, abolishing crime was a method of protecting Vietnam and its people. Diem banned brothels, massage parlours, casinos and gambling houses, opium dens, bars, drug houses and nightclubs, all establishments frequented by the triads.

The government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam purged and imprisoned organized criminals, including triads, in the Haiphong and Hanoi areas.

With pressure from Ho Chi Minh's police, Triad affiliates had to choose between elimination or legality.

During the Vietnam War , the triads were eliminated in the north; in the south, Republic of Vietnam corruption protected their illegal activities and allowed them to control US aid.

During the s and s, all illegal Sino-Vietnamese activities were eliminated by the Vietnamese police. They are often involved in migrant smuggling.

In Australia, the major importer of illicit drugs in recent decades has been 'The Company', according to police sources in the region.

This is a conglomerate run by triad bosses which focuses particularly on methamphetamine and cocaine. It has laundered money through junkets for high-stakes gamblers who visit Crown Casinos in Australia and Macau.

They cooperate with the police to impede the expansion of triads and other organized gangs. The Asian Gang Unit of the Metro Toronto Police was formerly responsible for dealing with triad-related matters, but a larger unit was created to deal with the broad array of ethnic gangs.

At the national and, in some cases, provincial level, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police 's Organized Crime Branch is responsible for investigating gang-related activities including triads.

Asian gangs are found in many cities, primarily Toronto, Vancouver, Calgary and Edmonton. The Organized Crime and Law Enforcement Act provides a tool for police forces in Canada to handle organized criminal activity.

The act enhances the general role of the Criminal Code with amendments to deal with organized crime in dealing with criminal triad activities.

Asian organized-crime groups were ranked the fourth-greatest organized-crime problem in Canada, behind outlaw motorcycle clubs, aboriginal crime groups and Indo-Canadian crime groups.

In , it was estimated that criminal gangs associated with triads controlled 90 percent of the heroin trade in Vancouver , British Columbia.

From to , Southeast, East and South Asians accounted for 21 percent of gang deaths in British Columbia trailing only Caucasians, who made up The power of triads has also diminished due to the establishment of the Independent Commission Against Corruption.

The commission targeted corruption in police departments linked with triads. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Shanghai Triad Country: France, China. Story: A provincial boy related to a Shanghai crime family is recruited by his uncle into cosmopolitan Shanghai in the s to be a servant to a ganglord's mistress.

Style: stylized, atmospheric, clever, realistic, captivating Plot: coming of age, gangsters, murder, island, triad, mistress, master and servant, vengeance, gang, crime, crimes, criminal's revenge Time: s, 20th century, 30s.

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When he arrives, however, his contact is nowhere to be found. With no further instructions, he decides to take in the sights of Hong Style: avant garde, dark humor.

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Cradle 2 the Grave Story: Gang leader Tony pulls off a major diamond heist with his crew, but cop-turned-criminal Ling knows who has the loot and responds by kidnapping Tony's daughter and holding her for ransom.

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Style: stylized, rough, semi serious, offbeat, exciting Plot: crimes, one man army, horse race, gunfight, prostitute, strip club, absurdism, heart, foot chase, stun gun, taser, mansion Time: 21st century, contemporary, s.

Place: usa, los angeles, tokyo. Skyfall Genre: Action, Adventure, Thriller. Story: When Bond's latest assignment goes gravely wrong and agents around the world are exposed, MI6 is attacked forcing M to relocate the agency.

These events cause her authority and position to be challenged by Gareth Mallory, the new Chairman of Style: captivating, exciting, suspense, intense, tense Plot: espionage, secret agents, spy, secret agent, james bond, , british secret service, secret service, explosion, british intelligence, secret service agent, chases and races Place: china, turkey, england, europe, asia War Story: FBI agent Jack Crawford is out for revenge when his partner is killed and all clues point to the mysterious assassin Rogue.

But when Rogue turns up years later to take care of some unfinished business, he triggers a violent clash of rival gangs.

Style: serious, rough, suspenseful, surprise ending, intense Plot: vengeance, presumed dead, hitman, loss of friend, fbi, criminal heroes, tough law enforcer, crimes, crime, martial arts, special agents, police investigation Time: contemporary, 21st century, s.

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Plot: reluctant partners, two man army, fbi, kung fu, police investigation, martial arts, ransom, fish out of water, chase, kidnapping, crimes, partners against crime

Place: london, macau, check this out jersey, tower bridge london, new york Story: Chui Chik tries https://hazelblomkamp.co/online-casino-echtes-geld/beste-spielothek-in-niederwambach-finden.php lead a quiet life as a librarian. Lotto247 80 min. Israeli mafia. Place: new york, source, asia, usa, manhattan new york city Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file.

Chinese Mafia - BBC News Navigation

Die Gefährlichkeit der asiatischen Mafia Die Syndikate sind mehr und mehr an legalen Geschäften beteiligt, von Einrichtungshäusern bis zu exklusiven und ausgefallenen Hotels, vom Autohandel bis zur Bauwirtschaft und lizenzierten Kasinos. Die Codes, die dabei verwendet werden, zeigen nicht selten die chinesische oder japanische Beteiligung an diesem internationalen Geschäft. Obwohl das Dunkelfeld nach wie vor beträchtlich ist und die China Connections von einer Mauer des Schweigens geschützt sind, liegen dennoch wichtige Erkenntnisse über jahrelangen Menschenhandel , Korruption, Geldwäsche , Schutzgelderpressung, illegales Glücksspiel und Drogenhandel vor. This web page Ermittler nicht genau verstehen, wie ethnische, wirtschaftliche und politische Spannungen bestimmte Erwachsenenorganisationen und Jugendgruppen in der Gemeinde beeinflussen, haben sie Probleme, eine wirksame und https://hazelblomkamp.co/online-casino-deutschland-legal/tipps-division.php Strategie zur Kontrolle der chinesischen Banden zu entwickeln. Angaben ohne ausreichenden Beleg könnten demnächst entfernt werden. Viele Landsleute werden durch Terror zum Schweigen gebracht und auf die Linie der Triade eingeschworen. Deshalb ist es in den USA gang und gäbe, chinesische Zeugen oder Opfer in Haft zu behalten, um sicherzustellen, dass sie nicht vor dem Prozess verschwinden. Der Anschlag auf den Gefängnisdirektor ist bereits der vierte versuchte Auftragsmord in Macao und der sechste Anschlag auf Justizbeamte in letzter Zeit.

Chinese Mafia - Account Options

Die Goa-Szene. Dem Bundeskriminalamt liegen lediglich punktuell Erkenntnisse über kriminelle Aktivitäten chinesischer Gruppierungen der Organisierten Kriminalität in Deutschland vor. Hongkong: Gedanken zur Umwelt. März ein Loch in die Schutzmauer der amerikanischen Botschaft gesprengt hatte, wollte man das System Nhus wiederbeleben. Macaos Triaden hatten sich im Immobiliensektor verspekuliert, gleichzeitig drang Konkurrenz aus Hongkong und China in die Kolonie. Der Fachbegriff für Glücksspielsucht: pathologisches krankhaftes Glücksspielverhalten. Die Bluttat in dem China Restaurant in Sittensen löste sofort Spekulationen über einen Triaden-Hintergrund aus. Anders als die italienische Mafia sind sie lockerer. Nach einem Jahrhundert im Untergrund ging der Aufstieg der Triaden von kriminellen Widerstandszellen zur weltweit agierenden "chinesischen Mafia" recht. 2` in der chinesischen Mafia“. Das Mordopfer sei ein Chinese, der nach einem Pokerspiel mit seinen Freunden an einem Freitagabend in seinem Auto ermordet​. Chiu Kow gegen die chinesische Mafia Chiu Kow betreute gerade seinen Strassenstand in Kung Chung, an dem er Kleider, die er aus alten Stoffen wieder neu.

Chinese Mafia Navigationsmenü

In der heutigen Zeit bestehen Triaden aus zwei verschiedenen Gruppen. Abo bestellen. Statistische Daten zum Suizidgeschehen. Angeblich sind dafür 36 Schwüre notwendig. Zum Abschluss sei https://hazelblomkamp.co/slot-casino-free-online/wolf-spiele.php, dass der kurze Weg zwischen zwei Punkten für einen Asiaten nicht notwendigerweise die Gerade go here. Wohnungseinbrüche und Ladendiebstähle Im Jahr registrierte die Https://hazelblomkamp.co/how-to-play-casino-online/spiele-lapland-video-slots-online.php deutschlandweit 1. Um ihren Einfluss zu sichern, sind sie bestrebt, öffentliche Institutionen Legislative und Exekutive sowie Medien und Wirtschaftsunternehmen zu unterwandern. Göbel, Kriminaldirektor a. Erklärung einschlägiger Präventions-Begriffe. Spielothek in Gieslenberg finden Beste setzen stark auf die Angst als Druckmittel innerhalb der Organisation, zwischen den einzelnen Gruppen und der Gesellschaft. Als der 48jährige Chinese, der in der portugiesischen Kolonie Macao bei Hongkong lebt, https://hazelblomkamp.co/online-casino-deutschland-legal/dfborg.php 5. Dementsprechend waren nicht nur als Ausbeuter von Prostituiertensondern auch als Opiumhändler innerhalb der Gemeinden überall die Triaden stark. Mit dem Drogenhandel bauten die Triaden ihre Macht und ihren Reichtum aus. Triads were also common in Vietnamese cities with large Chinese especially Cantonese and Teochew communities. Categories : Source secret societies Organized crime groups in China Organised crime groups in Hong Kong Organized crime groups in Macau Organized crime groups in Taiwan Secret societies related to organized crime Transnational organized crime Triad organized crime. Style: serious, exciting, realistic, stylized, suspenseful Nine Entertainment. Archived from the original on June 29, Style: dark humor, exciting, intense, Parken Enschede Markt serious, humorous There were nine main triads operating in Hong Kong. Retrieved February 18, Genre: Action, Crime, Drama. Redemption Mit Beste Spielothek in Oberschutzen finden wachsenden sozialen Spannungen Ende des Robert F. In der heutigen Zeit bestehen Triaden https://hazelblomkamp.co/slot-casino-free-online/beste-spielothek-in-unkersdorf-finden.php zwei verschiedenen Gruppen. Dementsprechend waren nicht nur als Ausbeuter von Prostituiertensondern auch als Opiumhändler innerhalb der Gemeinden überall die Triaden more info. Die sozialen Prozesse bei der Entstehung https://hazelblomkamp.co/online-casino-echtes-geld/beste-spielothek-in-birkenhsgel-finden.php Bande, die Charakteristika der Bandenstruktur und die Muster der Bandenaktivitäten click at this page nur dann ausreichend verstanden werden, wenn die historischen, sozialen, wirtschaftlichen und politischen Aspekte der Gemeinde verstanden werden. Dabei bekommt die Volksrepublik den schwunghaften Schmuggel über die Grenze nicht unter Kontrolle - geschweige denn die Triaden. Die erkennungsdienstliche Read article - Teil 3. Dort waren die Triaden häufig erste Ansprechpartner, um sich in der neuen Umgebung zurecht zu finden. Article source Triade ist dann für sie die neue Familie. Ende hatte Loan vier der sechs Syndikate Saigons in sein Herrschaftssystem integriert. Von Prof. Die Gangster-Syndikate erweiterten ihr Geschäftsfeld, machten nun auch Geld mittels Chinese Mafia und Zwangsprostitution. Nicht nur ein, sondern mehrere Dolmetscher müssen eingesetzt werden. Alle Zahlen haben eine bestimmte Bedeutung.

Chinese Mafia Video

Place: italy, rome italy, china, hong kong, europe Genre: Action, Thriller. Country: Indonesia, USA. Story: After sparing a girl's life during a massacre, an elite Triad assassin is targeted by an onslaught of murderous gangsters.

Style: tense, exciting, brutal, suspense. Plot: fist fighting, lone hero, massacre, knife fight, martial arts, one man army, peril, gore, triad, fight, assassin, graphic violence Place: indonesia.

Hollow Point Genre: Action, Comedy, Crime. Story: Livingston is trying to merge the Russians, Chinese and Italian gangsters into one group with huge amounts of money and power.

Style: humorous, exciting, entertaining, light, realistic Plot: hitman, espionage, undercover, rivalry, danger, crimes, special agents, race against time, chase, crime, law enforcement, track down Time: 20th century, 90s.

Tracers Story: Wanted by the mafia, a New York City bike messenger escapes into the world of parkour after meeting a beautiful stranger.

Style: exciting, serious, twists and turns, harsh, romantic Audience: boys' night, teens. Plot: parkour, gang, chase, crimes, heist, chases and races, mysterious character, disorder, boyfriend girlfriend relationship, debt, money, organized crime Place: new york, usa, manhattan new york city, california.

The Last Tycoon Genre: Action, Adventure, Crime, Drama. Country: Hong Kong, China. Style: serious, suspenseful, tense, exciting, captivating Plot: gangsters, rivalry, mafia, crimes, betrayal, dishonesty, danger, love triangle, graphic violence, gang, criminal heroes, crime Time: 20th century, s, s, 20s, 30s Place: china, asia.

Shanghai Triad Country: France, China. Story: A provincial boy related to a Shanghai crime family is recruited by his uncle into cosmopolitan Shanghai in the s to be a servant to a ganglord's mistress.

Style: stylized, atmospheric, clever, realistic, captivating Plot: coming of age, gangsters, murder, island, triad, mistress, master and servant, vengeance, gang, crime, crimes, criminal's revenge Time: s, 20th century, 30s.

Place: china, asia, shanghai, tokyo. The Border of Tong Genre: Crime, Drama. Duration: 98 min. Story: A Chinese immigrant becomes a fugitive from both the law and the mob after a robbery goes wrong.

Plot: chinese mafia, kidnapping, hotel, notebook, brothel, forest, police, barn, hitman, chinatown, car chase, money Place: seattle, seattle washington.

Black Mask Story: Chui Chik tries to lead a quiet life as a librarian. However, he is really a former test subject for a highly secretive supersoldier project and the instructor of a special commando unit dubbed " Style: stylized, rough, serious, exciting, suspenseful Audience: teens, boys' night.

Plot: martial arts, superhero, secret identity, heroes, police, good versus evil, heroic mission, escapades, master villain, chases and races, adventure, soldier Time: 90s, 20th century.

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Place: london, macau, new jersey, tower bridge london, new york Story: Five friends are released from prison and do their best to stay out trouble.

While trying to mind their own business and run their 5-Star Cleaning Service , they are caught up in a war between rival Triad gangs fighting for control of the Style: realistic, semi serious, exciting, humorous.

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Place: san francisco, usa. Temptress Moon Genre: Drama, Romance. Country: China, Hong Kong.

Story: Set in the decadent s, Temptress Moon tells the very complicated story of a wealthy family living on the outskirts of Shanghai.

Their youngest daughter, Ruyi, is brought up as a servant to her opium-addicted father and brother. Meanwhile, her Style: stylized, gloomy, serious, realistic, suspenseful Plot: gangsters, family relations, blackmail, opium, addiction, society, romance, siblings relations, life is a bitch, couple relations, destructive relationship, love and romance Time: s, s, 20th century.

Place: china, asia, shanghai, tokyo, japan Life is Cheap But Toilet Paper Is Expensive Duration: 83 min.

Story: A man is hired by a group of people he believes to be gangsters to escort a briefcase from America to Hong Kong.

When he arrives, however, his contact is nowhere to be found. With no further instructions, he decides to take in the sights of Hong Style: avant garde, dark humor.

Plot: briefcase, culture clash, east asian lead, chinese american, porn magazine, mistress, bandit, severed arm, pregnancy, blood splatter, man with no name, taxi driver Place: hong kong, san francisco.

Cradle 2 the Grave Story: Gang leader Tony pulls off a major diamond heist with his crew, but cop-turned-criminal Ling knows who has the loot and responds by kidnapping Tony's daughter and holding her for ransom.

Unfortunately, Tony's lost the diamonds as well. Style: serious, exciting, realistic, stylized, suspenseful Plot: martial arts, kidnapping, robbery, race against time, criminal's revenge, daring rescue, vengeance, danger, confined, unlikely partners, heist, helicopter Place: los angeles, hong kong, china.

Crank: High Voltage Duration: 96 min. Story: Chelios faces a Chinese mobster who has stolen his nearly indestructible heart and replaced it with a battery-powered ticker that requires regular jolts of electricity to keep working.

Style: stylized, rough, semi serious, offbeat, exciting Plot: crimes, one man army, horse race, gunfight, prostitute, strip club, absurdism, heart, foot chase, stun gun, taser, mansion Time: 21st century, contemporary, s.

Place: usa, los angeles, tokyo. Skyfall Genre: Action, Adventure, Thriller. Story: When Bond's latest assignment goes gravely wrong and agents around the world are exposed, MI6 is attacked forcing M to relocate the agency.

These events cause her authority and position to be challenged by Gareth Mallory, the new Chairman of Style: captivating, exciting, suspense, intense, tense Plot: espionage, secret agents, spy, secret agent, james bond, , british secret service, secret service, explosion, british intelligence, secret service agent, chases and races Place: china, turkey, england, europe, asia War Story: FBI agent Jack Crawford is out for revenge when his partner is killed and all clues point to the mysterious assassin Rogue.

But when Rogue turns up years later to take care of some unfinished business, he triggers a violent clash of rival gangs. Style: serious, rough, suspenseful, surprise ending, intense Plot: vengeance, presumed dead, hitman, loss of friend, fbi, criminal heroes, tough law enforcer, crimes, crime, martial arts, special agents, police investigation Time: contemporary, 21st century, s.

Rush Hour Genre: Action, Comedy, Crime, Thriller. Not content to watch the action from the Style: buddy comedy, humorous, exciting, funny, entertaining Audience: teens, boys' night, girls' night.

Plot: reluctant partners, two man army, fbi, kung fu, police investigation, martial arts, ransom, fish out of water, chase, kidnapping, crimes, partners against crime Time: 90s, 20th century, year , s.

Place: los angeles, usa, hong kong, united states, california The number of people involved in organized crime on the mainland has risen from around , in to around 1.

Since the new century, there are two academic books focusing on Chinese organized crime. Based on rich empirical work, these books offer how Chinese criminal organizations survive in the changing socio-economic and political environment.

Chu's Triads as Business [2] looks at the role of Hong Kong Triads in legal, illegal and international markets. Peng Wang's The Chinese Mafia [3] examines the rise of mainland Chinese organized crime and the political-criminal nexus collusion between gangs and corrupt police officers in reform and opening era of China.

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Main article: Triad underground society. The triads as business. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on January 9, Retrieved Retrieved July 7, Archived from the original on The Standard.

Archived from the original on January 24, Taipei Times. Archived from the original on June 29, Retrieved February 18, December 6, National Institute of Justice.

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